How To Replenish Vegetable Garden Soil and The Heirloom Vegetable Gardening

How to replenish vegetable garden soil

How to replenish vegetable gardening soil!

Perhaps more than any other factor, import movements in the replenish vegetable garden themselves made the difference. The early small potato for example was replaced by a wider variety. And advances in farming practices helped improve potato~roduction.

Sweet corn became widely known, and the tomato became popular.

In the early part of the nineteenth century, many people considered the tomato to be of suspicious nature, have little nutritional value, and perhaps be poisonous. It was rarely eaten raw and was used chiefly in a sauce or as a condiment.

  • Onions
  • Parsnips
  • Peas
  • Potatoes
  • Radishes
  • Squash and Pumpkin
  • Tomato
  • Turnips

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1. Onions replenish my vegetable garden solutions

Onions originated in Asia and the land around the eastern Mediterranean. They were grown extensively by the Egyptians.

how to replenish Onions soil

And by the first century, many forms were well known:

  1. Long
  2. Flat or Round
  3. Red
  4. Yellow or White
  5. And Strong or Mild.

Onions were grown across Europe and introduced into America by the earliest colonists.

Red Wethersfield.

A variety bred in the Connecticut River Valley about 1800. It was a popular variety that kept well and could be shipped long distances.

It attains a large size-color dark red rounding in shape and has good keeping qualities. Southport Yellow Globe.

An old variety developed before 1835 in Southport Connecticut. Bulb spherical or very slightly oblate. color light yellowish-brown inner coats pure white or faintly tinged green in the upper half.

well-developed samples 3 inches in diameter. Bulb firm keeps well very productive and of excellent quality.

White Portugal or White Silverskin. The leading ‘white’ variety. Does not keep well. Replenish my vegetable garden soil Bulb round broad and flat. How to replenish vegetable garden soil, skin silvery-white sometimes tinged with pink (1).


The large Ptrrtugal onions are the best. Replenish my vegetable garden soil Put them over a slow your fire. And let them simmer about two hours. When you dish them, turn them upside down and pour the sauce over.
The Cook’s Book. 1833. p. 125.


The onions must be peeled and then boiled till they are tender. Then squeeze the water from them chop them and add to the butter that has been melted rich and smooth with a little good milk instead of water.

Give it one boil and serve it for boiled rabbits partridges or knuckle or weal or roast mutton. A turnip boiled with onion draws out its strength. The Housekeeper’s Book, 1837, p. 121

2. Parsnips replenish vegetable garden soil

The parsnip a close relative to the carrot is probably native to the eastern Mediterranean area. Wild parsnips were eaten by the Greeks and Romans. Who believed they also had medicinal value. By the sixteenth-century.

Parsnips were a common European vegetable and a staple of the more unfortunate people. They were grown in Virginia in 1609 and Massachusetts 20 years later.

The Indians readily adopted the crop, and when General Sullivan’s troops marched through western New York in 1779, parsnips were found growing in the Iroquois villages,

How to Fresh Parsnips garden soil


Hollow Crown.

A variety is grown before 1850. This is the best variety for garden culture(4). Roots handsome and very clean skinned crown depressed or hollow.


Parsnips and carrots must be split. The outside is done too much before the inside is cooked sufficiently. Salt and water and boil them WJ. Half an hour and two hours when old. Boil enough to have some to slice.  And for the next day’s dinner or breakfast as they are much the best cooked in this way.

Miss Beecher’s Domestic Receipt Book, 1846, p.75.



Boil a few parsnips in milk until they are soft. then cut them lengthwise into bits two or three inches long and simmer in a white sauce made of two spoonfuls of broth and half a cupful of cream a bit of butter some flour and salt.

3.Peas (replenish my vegetable garden soil)

Garden or English peas originated in the area of northwest India and Afghanistan.
There are two significant groups: Shelling the berry is eaten Edible podded or sugar peas-the the entire the pod is eaten.

Before the mid-seventeenth century peas were grown almost exclusively for the dried seed.

However, replenish my vegetable garden soil during the latter part of the seventeenth century fresh green peas became the rage of the French court and soon were a popular garden vegetable.

High sugar wrinkled-seeded varieties came into everyday use replacing the older smooth-seeded starchy peas. Toward the end of the eighteenth century. Thomas Knight an Englishman started to breed wrinkled-seeded peas and by 1800 Knight’s Wrinkled Marrow peas (a series of varieties)

replenish vegetable garden soilwere very popular. Fresh garden peas are primarily descended from Knight’s varieties.
All peas probably had long vines until about 1700 when semi-dwarf types emerged. Exact dwarf varieties common today probably did not develop until as late as 1850.

Peas were introduced into North America by the first colonists. The Indians quickly adopted the crop and grew it widely. Alaska.

An American variety developed about 1880 and descended from the older variety Nonpareil. The dried seed is smooth and starchy.

How to replenish vegetable garden soil, Foliage abundant medium green color flowers cream white usually borne singly.

The light green pods are from 2 to 2% inches long. They contain from 5 to 7 peas and hold their freshness moderately
well. The peas. are smooth round and light green to whitish-green.

They are of excellent canning quality” (7).

Alderman. This pea was-developed late in the nineteenth century. It has large wrinkled seeds, green to cream color. Its characteristics are similar to the once-popular variety Champion of England, which was grown in the United States by 1850.

Dwarf Sugar.

White- or purple-flowered.
The pods of this variety lack the fibrous, inner, parchmentlike lining found in most peas. Thus the entire pod can be eaten, but they should be consumed while they are quite young.

Sugar peas are known to have been eaten as early as 1536. These varieties (Tall and Dwarf Sugar) are excellent to use in the green state, in the same way as string beans, retaining almost the identical flavor of the pea.

Replenish vegetable garden soil  As the name implies (they are) particularly sweet (9).

4. Potatoes Replenish Vegetable Garden Soil

replenish Potatoes garden soil


Put replenish vegetable garden soil Two or three handfuls of spinach well washed and cut a little added when the soup is strained is a peat improvement, and in the summer young green peas in place of the spinach.

A teaspoonful of celery seed or essence of celery if celery is not to be had. The Cook’s Book, 1833. p. 210.


Select the potatoes you desire for dinner the previous; pare them and throw them into cold water, and let them stand
three to four hours.

Then at broker time before dinner put them into boiling water and when they have sufficiently boiled turn off all the water leave off the cover and hang them over the fire to dry.

When the steam has passed off, it will be in the best possible condition for eating. By this mode, potatoes, even of the watery and inferior quality, become mealy and pleasant. The Economical Housekeeper, 1845, p. 61.


Take four large mealy potatoes, peel and cut them into small slices, boil them in three pints of water until ‘tender, and then pulp them through a college; add a small piece of butter and a little salt, and just before the soup is served two spoonfuls of good cream.

The soup should not be allowed to boil after the cream has been put into it.


Mix twelve ounces of potatoes boiled, skimmed and mashed, 1 oz. of suet, a quarter of a pint of milk, and 1 oz. of cheese grated fine; add as much boiling water as is necessary to produce a due consistency and bake it in an earthen pan.

Potatoes originated in the Andes Mountains of South America. The plant was depicted on pottery by the early people of Peru before the third century.

European explorers first introduced the potato into Spain by the sixteenth century. Potatoes eventually became a favorite food crop of the Irish who introduced it into Londonderry.

New Hampshire, in 1719. Lady Finger has esteemed for baking; an elegant variety and might be considered a fancy potato (5).
The seed of at least three other older potato varieties is still available: replenish vegetable garden soil Irish Cobbler (1876).

Tubers nearly round large skin russet finely netted flesh white. Extra Early (13). Green Mountain (1885).

Foliage heavy tubers large short-oblong to oblong broad flattened skin creamy white to buff white occasionally splashed with russet toward the end, generally well netted (13).

Russet Burbank (1876). In quality, it is firm, fine-grained of excellent flavor. Tubers’ large long round skin is very deeply netted or russeted white. Medium late (13).

5.Radishes in Broth

Take some young radishes, pick and scald them. Cut them into halves & quarters according to their size, and boil them with a bacon slice in some stock.

In a little rime take them out, drain. But for them.
Another stew-pan with consomme or veal gravy and a bit of butter rolled in four.

replenish vegetable garden soil

Let them stew gently in this till they are flavored of good color and the sauce pretty thick then serves them.


Radishes were eaten by the ancients of
China-Japan, and the area around the eastern Mediterranean. Nearly 2,000 years ago.
Roman writers described various kinds of
radishes. Small- and large-rooted long and
round sharp and mild. Large-rooted types
were grown commonly across northern
Europe during the Middle Ages, but small rooted varieties were probably not grown in
that area until the sixteenth century.
Radishes were planted in Haiti before 1565
and in Massachusetts as early as 1629.
Long Scarlet.

A spring or summer variety that was introduced shortly after 1850.
Root long a considerable portion growing above the surface of the ground outside of a beautiful deep pink color becoming paler towards the lower extremity.

The fleshes white, transparent, crisp and of good flavor (2). French Breakfast.

A spring or summer, the variety that was introduced in about 1879.

Root obovate (olive-shaped) growing Y3

Or more out of the ground deep red except toward the taproot. Where it shades abruptly to white. well-developed samples 2 inches long. Replenish vegetable garden soil recipe Flesh white.

Very tender moderately piquant. Very early (11). China Rose or Rose-Colored Chinese.

A large-rooted variety planted in midsummer harvested in late fall and stored for winter use. Introduced in the U.S. about 1850.

A valuable variety; color pink or rose

Skin smooth of sharp but agreeable flavor. Keeps as well as any (9). Black Spanish. An old radish variety that probably was brought to America by the early colonists. Grown for fall and winter use.

A winter radish of very large size turnip form. It should be sown in August and September lifted in October or November and stored in sand in the cellar for supplying the table in winter (4)

6.Squash and Pumpkin- Replenish Vegetable Garden Soil

replenish vegetable garden soil
Squash and Pumpkin

Squash and pumpkin are native to the New World, and the Indians of both North and South America used them extensively for food. Summer Crookneck or Warted Crookneck.

Replenish vegetable garden soil A bush variety of squash listed in the earliest garden seed catalogs and probably was grown in the eighteenth century—an old favorite variety for summer use.

The vines are compact and bear abundantly. The fruit is yellow covered thickly with warty excrescences and grows eight or nine inches long (12).


White Bush Scallop or White Patty-Pan. The variety was described as early as 1722.

“From its dwarf habit and productiveness is preferred for early crops. It is of a yellowish-white color, round and pan-shaped. Many acres of them are grown for our markets” (4). Boston Marrow.

Winter squash was probably introduced from South America by an American sea captain early in the nineteenth century. A popular variety for fall and winter use. With careful treatment, it can be kept until the first of January. The color of the flesh is orange; it is of fine grain and cooks as dry as a potato” (12). Green Hubbard.

Introduced in 1857 by the seedsman James Gregory, who obtained seeds from Mrs. Hubbard. Probably the variety was brought to New England from South America around 1800.


This is a fall and winter variety equal, if not superior in quality to the ~oston Marrow. The skin is very hard it keeps better. With care, it can be kept until May. It is a good variety for the garden (12). Connecticut Field.

Pumpkins were essential items in the diet of the Indians living in the northeastern part of what is now The United States.

The earliest colonists adopted the pumpkin as a source of food and later grew it extensively for livestock feed. This variety is probably typical of pumpkins grown by the Indians.

A large, yellow field variety not unlike the Common Yellow in form but with a softer skin or shell. One of the best for cultivating for stock (3).
They are used extensively for pies. They are generally planted among corn (12).

Boil and sift the pumpkin, spread it out thin on tin plates, and dry hard in a warm own. It will keep good year-round. When wanted for use, it may be soaked in milk. The Economical Housekeeper. 1845. p. 42


Take out the seeds and pare the pumpkin stew and strain it through a coarse sieve. Take two q~arts of scalded milk and eight eggs and stir your pumpkin into it sweeten it with sugar or molasses. Salt it, and season with ginger cinnamon or k~uted lemon-peel to your taste. Bake with a bottom crust.

Crackers bounded fine are a good substitute for eggs. Fewer eggs will do.

The Economic l Housekecpcr – 1845. p. 42.

The marrow squash is best and usually replenish vegetable garden soil brings a higher price. The neck part of the
typical winter squash is preferable to the other parts. Cut it in slices, peel it, and boil it in salted water till tender.

Draw off the water, wing the squush in your cloth, and add butter pepper and salt to eat with meat.


Core boil and skin a good squash and bruise it well take six large apples pared cored and stewed tender mix add six or seven spoonfuls of dry bread or biscuit.

Rendered fine our meal, one-pint milk or cream

Two spoons of rose water

Two of wine, five or six eggs beaten and strained

Nutmeg, salt, and sugar to your taste

One spoon flour beat all smartly together

Bake one hour. American Cookery, 1812, p. 38.

7.Tomato Replenish Vegetable Garden Soil

The tomato’s place of origin is the PeruEcuador-Bolivia area of the Andes. By the time the Spanish explorers arrived tomatoes had been spread across South and Central America. They were a major food crop in Mexico.

The Spaniards took tomatoes to Europe, and by 1550 they were being eaten in Spain and Italy.

Although tomatoes became popular in southern Europe. They were considered poisonous in northern Europe and England for many years. Where they were commonly called “love apples.

replenish vegetable garden soil

Tomatoes were introduced into the United States during the eighteenth century but were grown only for ornamental purposes.

Thomas Jefferson grew tomatoes in 1781 but it was not until after 1830 that the crop was grown to any extent for human food.

By mid-century tomatoes had become quite common and were used in soups, stews, and catsup. They were often pickled. Ponderosa. Introduced in 1891 by the seedsman Peter Henderson. A large purple fruited variety valued by many home gardeners on account of the few seeds and extremely solid flesh.

The quality is excellent but the fruits are ill-shaped (14). Red Pear.

Grown before 1850 red and low pear types were probably grown by the Indians of Mexico and Central America.
This variety is of a reddish-pink color very fleshy contains fewer seeds than.

[Large Red and Smooth Red] Equally as good for stewing and preferable for pickling being more firm and of a better shape (4).
Yellow Plum. An old variety, in use by 1865 and probably earlier. Fruit oval dependable.

The color of its skin is beautifully bright transparent yellow. It is used principally for preserving. When the two varieties are intermixed. The colors present a fine contrast one and a basket of the fruit is quite a beauty.

8. Turnips Replenish Vegetable Garden Soil

replenish vegetable garden soil

A native European crop was influential in the diet during the Middle Ages and was grown extensively. The French explorer Cartier planted turnips in Canada in 1540. And they were grown in Virginia as early as 1609.

Flat-shaped varieties were commonly grown in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries but there were also lengthy carrot-shaped varieties.

During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries turnips were grown for livestock as well as for humans. Purple Top Strap Leaf.

An old popular variety developed before 1865. A variety mainly is grown for the early crop. It is a firm solid variety free from sponginess a very handsome appearance.

How to replenish garden soil: The lower two-thirds of the root is white, while the upper portion has a well-defined line of purple.

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